Thank You, Stupid Americans

This is a copy of my earlier post I wrote for Max Pool at I’m including it here for completeness. It turned out that Max got 15 people complaining about this post being offensive, while at the same time it got me 50 new subscribers to my feed. It was a nice deal, if you ask me. If you still have some new complaints, please post them over at Codesqueeze. 🙂

Thank You, Stupid Americans

Did you know that only two countries, the United States and Canada, participate in what the Americans call the "World Series"? It’s as stupid as it is hilareous. And it’s almost as funny as Max having been bitten yesterday for also being a stupid American. With his coded enumeration of American states he once again showed the world that the typical American blind spot covers just about the entire globe, apparently with the exception of Canada (and possibly Iraq). The average American doesn’t know that the European Union has almost twice as many citizens as the United States. Americans only care about their own 50 states. And that’s fine with me. As a Dutch guy, when filling out (American-made) personalization forms on (international) web sites, I always chuckle when I see that half a million people in the state of Wyoming are apparently more interesting than the 86 million people in the Chinese province of Shandong.

Last year, when some guy in California noticed that I am from The Netherlands, he asked me if I knew a certain Johan Christiansen in Denmark. (For American readers I should explain why I thought this was funny: There is country, called Germany, with 80 million people in it, separating The Netherlands from Denmark. The chance of me knowing someone in Denmark is as small as the chance of Max being able to pronounce "een schip in Scheveningen" in Dutch.) So I said no, and I asked this guy if he knew a certain Carlos Gonzalez in Ecuador. For some reason he didn’t appreciate that reply.

Max asked me today what I think about Americans forcing programming languages, with English syntax, and frameworks with English API’s, upon non-English developers in the rest of the world. Well, here’s what I think:

Americans are stupid, and I love them for it. Because stupidity leads to simplicity, and simplicity is exactly what we need in software development.

We Europeans are different. We know where the United States are. (It’s that place where all that CO2 stuff is coming from.) And we distinguish ourselves from the Americans by making things as complicated as possible, particularly when the French are involved. If the .NET Framework was created by a European organization, it would have a core API in three languages (English, French and German), and there would be many dozens of adapter layers translating these core API’s to secondary API’s in any of the other twenty official languages. Europeans have a horrible tendency to compromize, not wanting to forget or offend anyone, which makes the outcome of our efforts completely incomprehensible, and utterly unworkable. (My partner works for the European Union, so I know first-hand how things are handled here.)

I think most software developers are now glad that the unique combination of American imperialism and stupidity has resulted in all computer languages and frameworks being presented in one simple language: English.

Microsoft has once made the error of trying to please the non-English users of Excel by offering versions of Visual Basic for Appliation (VBA) in non-English variants. I have to tell you, programming in that language, with Dutch syntax and keywords, was horrible. Our language is hard enough to speak, let alone to program in. Even the non-programmers that I was trying to teach Excel thought that this was weird. Since then, Microsoft has decided to ignore their European users. (A strategy that has resulted in a $2.57 billion fine imposed by the European Union.)

I think we should all be happy that Americans have imposed their language on software developers around the world.

Just imagine how awful it would be if everyone in the world had to program against French API’s on French frameworks. Anything written in French costs almost twice as many keystrokes as the English counterparts. And I really wouldn’t care for diacriticals and other typical French baroque embellishments in my programming languages. France, despite being the center of Western Europe (and feeling itself the center of Western civilization) cannot offer us the simplicity that the US can offer us.

And we can be just as glad that all the other old global empires have died long before they were able to impose their difficult character sets upon everybody.

The Arab empire has given us the decimal numeral system. But many of us still blame them for not having selected the octal numeral system, despite the fact that they did give us chess, which is octal by nature. This error has already cost the software development world billions of dollars in inefficiencies, so let’s be glad we’re not programming in the Arab language too. And if it had been the Turks we would now all be struggling with all the variants of the letter I.

Similarly, the Chinese empire has failed long before being able to trouble each one of us with Chinese characters. Of course, China is growing again. But, even though the Chinese can choose to ignore the rest of the world at times, the standard American qwerty keyboard is here to stay.

Good old American culture gave software development simplicity and no compromises. The typical American inability to grasp the nature of special characters has given us programming languages and frameworks with an easy syntax. It’s simply take-it-or-leave-it-English for everyone. And no funny British idiosyncrasies like the extra superfluous u, as in colour. That might have saved us another 0.x percent in size of various API’s. I can hardly think of a better example of the KISS-principle. Because, in this case the phrase "Keep It Simple, Stupid" actually refers to people having made things simple by being stupid.

In this respect it might be interesting to note that (British) NewScientist magazine has recently published an article on the rapid evolution of the English language. It now appears that stupid non-native English speaking people (like me) are making the English language even simpler and more consistent, because we often fail to recognize the last few exceptions that the English language still has. For example, many of us simply use "informations" as the plural form of "information". And why not? Let’s make it simple for everyone. We’re not all French, are we?

So, let’s stop attacking Americans for their simple-mindedness. Americans, like Max, have saved me a lot of trouble. So I really don’t care if I have to explain to them that Copenhagen is not the capital city of The Netherlands. (It’s Amsterdam.)

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  • Michael Chermside

    Funny… and strangely insightful. It makes me want to apologize for my rude and self-centered countrymen, but you make an interesting point about enforced simplicity sometimes having a paradoxical effect of improving outcomes.
    Perhaps it’s something like the way artists seem to do better when given a project with restrictions.

  • Matt Giacomini

    Great post! As a stupid American API developer, I found your post funny on many levels.
    The one that stands out the most for me is the fact that you consider the stuff we write “English”. Most of it is so grammatically f-ed up, with so many spelling errors and half thoughts, that I really don’t think that it earns the right of “English”. Even by American standards 😉
    API code is to English as pig-Latin is to Latin.

  • Jurgen Appelo

    Michael, Matt, thanks for the feedback! Good to see people actually see the intention behind the stupid jokes. 🙂

  • Chris Pritchard

    It truly comes down to the fact that America leads the world in many regards, and the rest of the world follows. When it comes to technology (and thus programming languages), you just have to deal with the fact that no one else is as important.
    I have to admit though, we sure fail at public transportation, and that pisses me off . . .

  • T. Smith

    “I think most software developers are now glad that the unique combination of American imperialism and stupidity has resulted in all computer languages and frameworks being presented in one simple language: English.”
    This is not stupidity or imperialism, it is efficiency. Unlike the EU that under values the computer industry noted by low compensation and inadequate modernization, and having numerous language barriers which are self-imposed inefficiencies, the contrast between Europe and the U.S. is not one of intelligibility and stupidity. Instead the contrast is between open systems efficiency characterized by the U.S. and hegemonic pretentious egotism characterized by the EU member states.
    Perhaps this Dutchman would find the Netherlands far more lucrative, and should reevaluate his own nationalism, which happens to be highly racist, intolerant, and egotistical. There is little insightfulness from such egotistical and pretentious European attitudes and comments toward the U.S. Such comments are simply an expression of European ignorance. I suggest this individual from the Netherlands go home and attempt to make a sufficient living in the computer industry, rather than criticizing the U.S.
    I have to confess, having lived in Europe for more than two years, only a short distance from Brussels and Paris, I have never met anyone from Belgium or the Netherlands with any intelligence. Instead just pride and arrogance with a sense of superiority consistent with Brussels.
    Numerous examples can be given from the long fractured history of Europe of European stupidity. Monarchy is simply one example, WWI another, a lack of modernization yet another. The EU and human rights failures and religious discrimination again another. Stop wasting our time.

  • JC Gueco

    Hahaha! I really liked this post. I totally agree with the KISS principle.
    I don’t understand why many developers complicate the process of software development.
    Thanks for posting this.

  • Wayne

    I find your comment to be neither funny or insightful. They are full of simple European jealousy. We Americans are more productive in just about every aspect of life.We work smarter.Europeans are jealous because we lead, and are not afraid to say it.Europeans strive for mediocrity and are angry that we do not. Our liberal politicians that Europeans are now embracing give them hope that we may also begin to strive for mediocrity. It matters not that they Europeans have finally beun to unite after a thousand years.It took them long enough to figure out that they would be better off united than divided. We figured it out in 1776. You can say we are stupid and there are stupid Americans, but there are so many more stupid Europeans. Even united they cannot out do us.
    So just get over it. You guys can either begin to lead or continue to follow or just get the hell out of the way. But please stop whinning and crying. It is annoying

  • Jurgen Appelo

    It’s a pity that some people don’t understand that some posts should not be taken seriously.
    The world would be a better place if all we did was laugh about everyone’s stupidity, including our own.

  • hebiryu

    some american thinks that Paris is capital of Europe.
    stupidity has no limit of course.

  • Bas Penris

    @T. Smith;
    “Numerous examples can be given from the long fractured history of Europe of European stupidity. Monarchy is simply one example, WWI another, a lack of modernization yet another. The EU and human rights failures and religious discrimination again another. Stop wasting our time.”
    This is hard to take in from someone who lives in the *only* state in the Western World where torture is not only allowed but considered good practice in the “war on terrorism”.
    @Wayne; If you’re so proud of the U.S., then why don’t you try to learn how to actually use it in good practice?
    Funny satirical humor in this blogpost and well written!

  • irspariah

    You should compile the collection of invective your article will instigate. The stored anger, hate and energy should be enough to meet the Netherlands’ power demands for the foreseeable future

  • CcK

    Funny post
    Thanks for the pissed us boys to prouve the point ^^
    PS for them: google self criticism and humour …

  • StephaneT

    Provocative, yet funny and makes a point. Couldn’t help but think of Godwin’s law when reading Mr Smith’s comment…
    (and as a belgian I feel slightly insulted by the same commenter equating us with the dutch. Yes we are proud and arrogant, I’ll give you that, but putting us on the same line as the dutch, that’s going too far, mister! :-P)

  • Morten

    I’m a Dane living in this “country of stupidity” 🙂
    You wouldn’t believe how often they mix up Dutch and Danes here.
    And to those Americans who object to this post: Wake up! You are not the world leader in technology anymore (granted you used to be). I think you got so used to the idea that you forgot to keep up. China, India and Europe has surpassed the US in so many areas, and more and more keeps coming.
    Many of my American friends keep coming with subtle comments that indicate that they haven’t realized what’s going on around them. Get out there and travel the world and see with your own eyes.
    After living here for some time now, I know that Americans are a great bunch of people, but if I had to use sum them up in one word, it wouldn’t be stupid, but just plain old “ignorant”.

  • Jc

    @ some American jerk: It matters not that they Europeans have finally beun to unite after a thousand years.It took them long enough to figure out that they would be better off united than divided. We figured it out in 1776.
    How ignorant you are, and who do you think these people in 1776 were coming from?
    By the way, let’s see how you handle your national and foreign debt after wasting millions and millions of dollars in a second Vietnam (talk about stupid incapable of learning from their mistakes) in Iraq to make your clever politicians and the lobbies even more rich. Those are the clever americans, but those who vote them, ie, the common Americans, are the stupidest specimens of the human race.
    Leaders in technology? Ha ha.
    @another US asshole: I have never met anyone from Belgium or the Netherlands with any intelligence. Instead just pride and arrogance with a sense of superiority consistent with Brussels.
    Pride and arrogance of being the more powerful and advanced is what I found in many many Americans, mostly those ignorants on the US Army reserve. Gosh, they know all sorts of weapons and their features but don’t know where’s the G-Point. Of course, puritans don’t make love, they just fuck to have kids.

  • paddy64

    americans have so much right and so much wrong, the problem is they dont know which is which. They have great businesses, (Microsoft, Coca-Cola, Nike etc.) and some of the worlds most intelligent people, but they dont look past their own borders. Ignorance is the key to understanding their downfalls.
    They view their sports teams as being the best (whereas in reality, theyre only good at sports that they invented and no-one else wants to play.) They view their cars as the best, although in truth they are just the loudest (where as European and Asian cars are faster, better at handling and more efficient.) And they view their army as the best (whereas they are just talentless idiots with plenty of ammunition, an itchy trigger finger and a undying desire to become the next Rambo). All of these things can be put down to one thing, ignorance. If americans cared to put down their cheeseburgers and travel somewhere other than Florida, they may get a perspective on their country by seeing others. Then they may realise how lucky they are to be living where they do, in the comfort that they do, but realise also how to become better, individually and as a nation.

  • Tintintracker

    Funny Post but with added touch of European and other continent stupidity would give more flavor to this post. By the way Computers would not have existed if India did not give “Zero” to the world and we are coming out of that mentality 🙂
    c. 476–550 Aryabhata
    c. 598–670 Brahmagupta

  • J. Albert Bowden II

    hilariously interesting. we are so dumb you have to laugh. we don’t need the metric system…that’s too easy!

  • Jeff

    Good post!
    I’m an American, and certainly proud to be. Of course, I can’t vouch for all 300 million of my countryman, but I will say there are a lot of stupid PEOPLE, regardless of nationality.
    If you start drawing divisions between people by such an arbitrary measure as geography, you are bound to meet the incredibly intelligent and the astonishingly stupid. Any country in the world is made up of both kinds of people.
    I think you mean to say most Americans are ignorant. Yes, I agree. In my 27 years, I’ve traveled (and lived) all over the world on my own volition. Does that make me better? Not inherently, but it does give me new perspectives and has made me more understanding of others.
    Most Americans don’t do this. Is it because those that don’t travel abroad are lazy? Not necessarily, I believe they just fear being outside of their comfort zone.
    It’s the same reason every American goes on a frickin cruise to the Bahamas for vacation, or goes to “Mexico” for their honeymoon (when they actually just sit in a Hilton resort in Mexico and get drunk for a week).
    My favorite people in the world are those that do what they say, have conviction, and have tolerance. I don’t care where those people may live or have grown up, they are my countrymen.

  • Jeff

    Oh, and the reason we Americans call our baseball championship the “World Series”, is the same reason a lot of things still exist that don’t ring true any longer.
    The modern baseball World Series began in 1903. I’d argue that the best baseball players in the world (in 1903) lived in the United States. It rang true then. It does not now. It’s just that there is no incentive for Major League Baseball (which is a for profit company) to change the name.

  • Nikola

    Just a small note on the geography stupidity: most Europeans can’t point out more than 2/3 of US states on a map, soo…
    Did I mention that I am European?

  • Brett

    What’s with the geography issue? I grew up in South Africa, studied at an American International School and we were required to memorise all the countries of the world – capitals, location on globe, etc – and memorise all the states; all this in middle school.
    So, has your education system fallen apart, or have you all just forgotten?
    Just thinking how close you came to voting in a VP who though Africa was a country… 🙂

  • kim

    Hahahaha…I love this article! I’m an American born but raised in Norway and now living in NY for too many years you ask me!! I totally love this article. Also want to say paddy64 nailed it! Can’t tell how many ignorant statements I’ve heard out of the mouth of an American! How much ignorance there is here!
    And as I said I’ve spent numerous years both in Europe and in America, so I’m not just talking gibberish.
    They really don’t look beyond their own boarder and that is, their state boarder!!!

  • Kyle

    Ironically, over 80% of the developers who worked on specifying the .NET framework were not American. Microsoft doesn’t really hire Americans because they are too expensive.

  • Anna V. Williams

    Being an American, but having traveled in four continents and having lived in Copenhagen for 5 1/2 years, this post was very real to me.
    My first thought regarding being asked if you knew a certain Johan Christiansen in Denmark, was that it reminded me of being asked if you knew a John Smith in Florida.
    In regards to the stupidities of Americans, its true that it can be pretty baffling at times, and embarrassing as well.
    On the other hand there are certain things American’s are very smart on, comparatively. Coming home to America after living in Europe for a few years I went through the usual culture shock. But one thing that always stands out the most whenever I return after being away for a long time, is the comparative level of competence in commerce.
    It may contribute to the American consumer becoming spoiled. But it also shows the entrepreneurial intelligence of the business, company, or industry which is providing the product or service.
    Compare an average grocery store in the states to one in EU and you get the idea. The level of care, friendliness, and entrepreneurial talent in an American business or even a small shop, is an entirely different universe.
    I’ve lived or traveled in cities and small towns in over 20 countries of Europe, and lived in many states of the US as well. I know they are different.
    We also don’t have laws in place to prevent us from keeping our shops open past 4:00 in the winter time or only allow us to be open one Sunday a month. Like some countries I know, cough. I could go on but I think you get the idea.
    And I was actually not a big fan of my own culture on country until I actually lived overseas for a while. The stupidity one runs into sometimes … at the same time, there seems to be this entrepreneurial intelligence that creates an oxymoron out of the entire affair.

  • Mike Kavis

    Nice Post. I got a kick out of your quote “Last year, when some guy in California noticed that I am from The Netherlands, he asked me if I knew a certain Johan Christiansen in Denmark.”
    Us Americans don’t even know America. I grew up in a small town in NY. I moved to Alabama after college. The folks in the south have a very strong accent so it was obvious that I was from somewhere else. When I told them that I was from NY I was asked some interesting questions like:
    1) Were you in a gang?
    2) Have you ever killed anybody?
    3) Have you ever seen a deer before?
    Unreal! They think that the state of NY is New York City. New York is a huge state and mostly rural. So don’t feel to bad. We don’t even know US geography well.

  • Paul Winkeler

    As a transplanted Dutchman who, although still holding on to his Dutch citizenship, has now lived in America longer than he did in the Netherlands, I too thoroughly enjoyed the insights in this article. As a previous comment already stated, the “English” in programming languages is not really English, but rather American. (Ask any Englishman. Really, go ask one, right now!)
    Simplicity has its place but I wonder if we’re not paying a price. Steven Pinker [ often comments on how the language we use ultimately not only enables our thinking, but also limits its scope. By not actively exploring other languages as the vehicle for constructing programming languages we are doomed to repeat the same thought-processes, ultimately extinguishing creativity.
    Think about how much trouble we have getting our programs to deal effectively with real-world ambiguities. Our tools enforce simplicity down to the bit level and with no wriggle room. What if besides 0 and 1, we could occasionally employ a value of ‘maybe’? I would recommend using Japanese to explore this concept.
    English is inconsistent too. Take the double-negative for example: “I don’t want no goto statements” actually means you do want them. Yet, a double-positive does not turn itself into a negative. Except perhaps in the appropriately voiced exclamation: “Yeah, right! where the speaker expresses his disbelief with scorn. If you’d want a more consistent language to avoid these misunderstandings, then I might suggest you turn to Russian instead.
    All said and done, I am a firm believer in Einstein’s approach to the business of solving the world’s complex problems when he said “A scientific theory should be as simple as possible, but no simpler” [ That link, by the way, has some other great insights into simplicity as well.
    Let me finally leave you with one more quote, this time from the movie “Forrest Gump” in which Forrest can be heard to say “Stupid is, as stupid does”. After which I always like to tune into some political debate channels on TV and rest comfortable once more, secure in the knowledge that stupidity comes equally in all languages.


    Just read your post. Thank you! 🙂
    – Jayesh (another stupid American)

  • jose

    Hi, I come from Spain, in Southern Europe. I think somebody needs to be very smart to make simple and understandable something that is complex and difficult. For this matter American people have teached us, the rest of the world, a great lesson. KISS is an American idea, and I hope Europeans embrace it. If I had to choose one single language for everybody to speak, that would be English, without any doubt (German? Russian? Arabic? Chinese? Japanese? Ufff!!!). There is another thing I like about Americans, they face the problems and look for a solution, maybe not the best, but at least a solution, whereas we Europeans spend countless hours discussing, thinking and hesitating, looking for a perfect solution that do not exist.
    There are many stupid and/or ignorant people everywhere in the world. Regardless of the nationality the people I like are those with sense of humour, open-minded and humble enough to learn from others

  • Sean Worle

    “Information” can be plural?

  • MIkhail

    You write “The Arab empire has given us the decimal numeral system.” with the link to wikipedia. You should actually read this link yourself – it were indians who came up with decimal system, arabs have just used it. Arabs themselves did almost nothing, e.g. “1001 nights” is persian, etc. There were also no “the arab empire” for the most part of the middle ages but several empires, the decimal system came to europe from berber (not arab) califate in Spain.

  • joapen

    Ha ha ha!!!!
    Thank you for your post!

  • me, european

    You know nothing about Europe my dear… you’re really a pure american lol

  • F Sessoms

    I know Carlos Gonzales, and you sir, are no Carlos Gonzales.

  • Gary Rector

    Thank you for enlightening me. I always thought the capital of the Netherlands was the Hague. Now, thanks to your funny post, I know it’s Amsterdam. By the way, I am a stupid American who learned this erroneous “fact” about your country as a schoolboy in the 1950s. I can’t believe our textbooks got such an important, basic piece of information so wrong!

  • Jurgen Appelo

    Gary, thanks for pointing out I’m at least as stupid as Americans. I agree! 🙂

  • marten

    even though i see that you’r post is from 2008 i feel compelled to reply.
    realy, please PLEASE look at the numbers. if you look at education standards, life expectancy, MEDIAN income, suicide rates etc etc etc. you will see that americans realy are different then europeans.

  • marten

    i realy love the love/hatred feeling between belgium and the netherlands 😛 only our 2 countries would understand D: and we kicked your ass in da wars! haha

  • Alex

    Americans are idiots!
    We Russians know it for sure!

  • Kris

    Necro and wall of text all in one post!!
    This really has very little to do with the actual blog post; however, since this geographical knowledge issue seems to come up quite often…
    Most of what you refer to is ignorance, not stupidity. Also, people have a tendency to forget unused bits of knowledge over time. With the possible exception being those “lucky” folks who have eidetic memories.
    Even though I can not speak for every American as I have no knowledge of what educational opportunities they were afforded, I shall use myself as an example. At some point in my past, probably elementary or middle school (many, many years ago), we were made to learn all of the states and capitals of the U.S.A. I even seem to recall having to learn the countries and capitals of the world. Do I still remember them all? Not even close. Not to mention the knowledge learned back then is out of date with such events as the break up of the U.S.S.R. Such trivial knowledge is rarely useful, and when knowing it does become useful… google, wikipedia, or even those objects made of destroyed trees called books come in handy.

  • Pranab

    I am a naturalized American citizen, being born and brought up in another country. I frequently travel outside US.
    Most of the criticisms against Americans can be attributed to ignorance of the general population. Americans are not stupid, just plain ignorant. I think there is a higher percentage of ignorant people in US than most countries in the world. I often wondered why. Some of the possible reasons are – dysfunctional high school level public education system, corporate controlled media. You almost have to go to BBC or some other foreign media to get real unbiased news.
    There is also this mindset that when your nation is at the center of attention, there is no need to be inquisitive about other countries and cultures. I heard the statistic that among the developed countries, US has the lowest percentage of passport holders.

  • JK

    All Americans are stupid because of a few individuals you “know” from the internet and TV? And all Europeans are brilliant because that’s what you “know” from the internet and TV?
    Going by this logic then all Europeans are stupid because I found a stupid one on the internet:
    “Alex Pfeffer of Fehmarn, Germany, paid £20,000 to Patrick Baecker, an out-of-work barber, to cure his blindness. The “cure” was gherkins laced with LSD. Baecker is now serving 8 months in jail. ‘You are a hairdresser, not a shaman,’ Judge Markus Faerber ruled.”
    Speaking of brilliance, why is a second world nation such as Greece on the brink of collapsing? What about the other P.I.G.S.? Are all Europeans still brilliant even if you have prolifigate Greeks?
    Why does the US consistently win in worldwide college rankings? Is Harvard, Yale, MIT, Berkeley, UCLA, NYU, UCSD, UCSB located in the Netherlands?
    If Europeans are so brilliant, why aren’t they having children? Do they not care that they will not have a taxpayer base for the future, or (the shock!) they are short term thinkers and are only concerned about their lives and do not care about the future because having kids are expensive?
    Why did you cite Americans on your blog for best management blogs?

  • JK

    BTW, yes, I know you are using “Stupid Americans” as a way to “communicate” that using simplicity is a good thing.
    Maybe some people aren’t as “sophisticated” as you but perhaps your fellow Dutchman would be offended if Tim Ferris (not that he would do this) would have a blog post on how stupid Dutch people were because of this: so all Dutch are Muslim phobes because of one idiot or maybe this could be a management/leadership post (“Never blindly listen media even if they are trying to hype up something (ie the “Muslim threat”) or better yet never use satire if you don’t know how to use it).

  • JK

    Why did the Dutch people elect Geert Wilders if they are so sophisticated?

  • Average joe

    America is the best nation their could possibly be. We invented the first automobile and the first computer. We invented the first atomic bomb. We ended ww2 and ww1. We outlasted the ussr. We will stand united as 1 and walk all over those who hate us.

  • Eusebiu Blindu

    Ok. Can you say something in “European”? Just few words 🙂

  • Eusebiu Blindu

    US is the best because it feeds from the rest of the world. Is nothing special about US compared to a leech. The nice inventions are small compared with the dangerous inventions.
    Staying with fear of unpaid credit is one of the diseases spread by this superpower.

  • cjmm

    completamente de acuerdo con este pensamiento!
    gracias por el post!

  • joel

    Very funny indeed. Some truth therin aswell.

  • Mozafar

    it’s not Arabs who invented chess .. mixing Arabs with Persians is not that different from mixing Dutch with Danish, aint’t it?

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